India mein employees ke adhikar ? ( What are the basic right of employee in India?)

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Hello friends,
Aaj is post mein aap sabhi ko " 10 basic right of Employees" ke bare mein batane ja raha hu. Har company mein kaam karne wale vyaktiyo ko kuch adhikar diye gaye hai, jo ki unko yah bharosa dilate hai ki wah jaha kaam kar rahe hai, wah unke liye ek suitable jagah hai aur us jagah we safe hai.
Constitution ke Article 14 mein right of equality ka adhikar diya gya hai. wahi Article 21 Personal life and liberty ka bhi adhikar diya gya hai. Aur bhi aise kai right jo Constitution aur Indian Law ke dwara logo ko  diye gaye hai.
India mein employees ke adhikar ? ( What are the basic right of employee in India?)

To, chaliye aaj hum baat karenge " Right  of Employees in India " ke bare mein.

 India mein karmchariyo ke adhikar . (Right of Employees in India.)
1.Written Agreement: 
Written Employment Agreement ek aisa important agreement hota hai, jo ki  kisi Company, Firm ya Factory ke Niyokta (Employer) ki taraf se Employee ko diya jata hai. Yah agreement Document ek legal document hota hai, jisme Company ke Rule and Regulation likhe hote hai, aur employee ke liye  term and condition likhe hote hai jinko wah follow karega. Yah agreement dono parties ke protection ke liye banaya jatah hai.

Indian Law ke anusar jab aap kisi company mein joining karte hai, tab waha ke employer ki taraf se yah likhit agreement aapko( Employee) ko diya jata hai.

Written Agreement dono parties ko security provide karta hai, dono apne duties ko acchi tarah se samjte hai aur agreement par writte Rule ,Term and Condition ke anusar palan karne ke liye sahmati deni hoti hai.
Employer aur Employees ke beech hone wale disputes ko solve karne mein kaam ata hai, kyoki isme sabhi tarah ke job par apply term and condition likhi hoti hai.

Employment agreement par apni sahmati aur signature karne se pahle apko yah pura adhikar hai ki aap us agreement ko acche se read kare.

2. Right to equal pay for equal work:
Indian Constitution ke dwara aap sabhi nagriko ko fundamental Right diye gaye hai, jin par har ek Indian ka by birth adhikar hai. Usi mein ek hai Artile 14 jo ki Right of Equality ke bare mein baat karta hai. Sex, caste, Language, religion ke adhar par kisi se kisi bhi prakar ka koi bhi bhed-bhav nahi kiya jayega. Yadi kisi Company, Firm ya Factory mein Male aur Female dono worker kaam kar rahe hai, to dono mein kisi bhi prakar ka koi bhi bhedbhav nahi kiya jayega. equal work ke liye equal pay ke principal apply hoga.
Maan lijiye kisi Company mein male aue female dono ek hi jaisa kaam karte hai, to aise mein jo salary male worker ko di jani hai, wahi salary female worker ko bhi di jayegi. Isme kisi bhi prakar ka koi bhi bhed-bhav nahi kiya jayega.

3. Right to get Insurance:
Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 ke anusar har employee ka yah adhikar hai ki jis company mein wah kaam kar raha, waha ke employer ke dwara insured kiya jayega, us har ek employees ka insurance karana jaruri hai. Working time mein kisi bhi tarah ka accident hota hai, to yah insurance employees ki financial help karta hai.

4. Right to go on Legal Strike:
Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 ke anusar har ek employee ko yah adhikar diya gya hai, ki wah legal strike kar sakte hai. Section 22(1)mein strike ki condition batai gayi hai, Yadi koi bhi employee apne apne ke khilaf strike karna chahta hai, to aise mein us employee ko pahle notice dekar strike ki information deni hoti hai, is notice mein date aur time aur strike ka main reason written mein dena hota hai. Strike karne se pahle employee ko 6 six weeks pahle notice deni hogi.

Read this also:- Industrial strike kya hai aur kab strike illegal hoti hai aur kya hai sja ka pravdhan. ( What is Industrial Strike and when its became illegal and penalty for illegal strike and 

5.Right to provident fund:
Employee Provident Fund ek  retirement benifit scheme hai, jo ki sabi salaries employee ke liye available hai.Employee Provident Fund Organisation of india dwara isko managed kiya jatah hai. Aur Indian Law ke  anusar Employee Provident Fund ke registration ke kisi bhi company mein 2o se jada employees ka hona jaruri hai.

Indian law ke anusar Employer aur Employees dono ko apni salary ka 12% Provident Fund mein contribute karna hota hai.
Yadi kisi company ke employer dwara kisi employee ki puri salary Provident Fund mein deduct karta hai, to yah kanoon ke khilaf hai.

6. Right to leave:
Kisi bhi company mein kaam karne wale har ek employee ka yah adhikar hai, ki usko leave mile.
1. Casual Leave: Causal Leave ek aisi leave hoti hai, jo ki har ek employees ko di jaati hai ,tab jab yadi uski family mein koi emergency hoti hai, ya koi urgent kaam hota hai, to employee csual leave le sakta hai.
2.Sick Leave: Sick leave har employee tab leta jab wah bimar hota hai.
3.Privilege or Earned Leave: Privilege Leave or Earned Leave wah leave hoti hai jo ki pichle saal saal ( Previous year) earned ki jaati hai aur in leave ka employee preceding year mein enjoy karte hai.
4. Others Leave:

7. Protection form Sexual Harassment at the work place:
Har ek Company ki yah duty hai, ki wah apne yaha kaam karne wali ha ek mahila  karm chari ko suraksha pradaan kare, ki Company mein kisi bhi mahila ke sath kisi bhi prakaar ka koi bhi sexual harassment nahi kiya jayega. 

Kisi bhi Company mein 10 ya 10 se jada employee kaam karte hai, to wah ek Internal Complaint Committee ka gathan kiya jana jaruri hai. jo ki company mein yadi kisi bhi prakar ki sexual harassment ki complaint aati hai, to wah uska nivaran karegi.

Sabhi Office, hospital, institution, aur other establishment mein ek internal Complaint committee ka gathan kiya jana jaruri hai.Employer ko committee  ke member ko nominate karna aur committee ka gathan karna hota hai. Committee mein  ek Senior Female member, two other employees member aur Non-governmental member.
District level par District officer (normally collector) jo ki is adhiniyam ke anusar authorized officer hai, inke dwara ek local committe ka gathan kiya jana chahiye.
Complaint prapt karne ke liye har ek block, municilpality or tribal area ke liye District officer ke dwara Nodal officer nominate kiya jayega. Jo ki complaint ko receive karenge aur  7 day ke bhitar sambandhit local Complaint Committee  ko bheja jayega.

Read this also:
The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal Act ,2013 

8. Right to Maternity Benefit:
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961  ke anusar us har ek mahila karmchari ka yah adhikar hai, ki usko uske pregnancy ke time maternity benefit diya jaye.
  1. Is adhinyam ke anusar pregnant working women ko adhiktam 12 week ( 84day)  ki leave di jayegi. Isme 6 week pregnancy time ke pahle ki leave hai, aur baki 6 weeks ki leave delivery ke time ki hai.
  2. Yadi in 12 weeks ki leave ke baad bhi yadi us mahila ko jarurat hai leave ki to 1 month ki additional leave di jayegi.
  3. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 ke new amendment ke anusar  Private sector mein kaam karne wali mahilao le liye paid maternity leave 12 weeks se badhakar 26 weeks kar di gayi hai.
  4. Kisi bhi company ka employer pregnant women ko job se nahi nikal sakta.
Read this also: 

Prasooti labh kya hai aur is labh ko kaise lete hai .(What is Maternity benefit Act,1961 and how to avail it)

9. Right to Working hour: 

The Shop and Establishment Act, 1948 ke anusar har ek state mein working time ko fixed kiya gya hai.
  1. kisi bhi employee se ek din mein 9 hour  aur weeks mein 48 hour se jada kaam nahi liya jayega.
  2. Weeks mein 48 hour kaam karne ke time ko 54 hours tak increse kiya ja sakta hai, vo tab jab iski information notice ke dwara pahle inspector ko deni hoti hai, lekin aisa overtime mein condition hoti hai.
  3. One year mein 150 hour se jada ka overtime nahi hoga.
10. Gratuity:
Gratuity har ek employee ka statutory adhikar hai. is adhikar se kisi bhi employees ko yah kah kar mna nahi kiya ja sakta hai, ki usko Employee Provident Fund ya Pension di ja rahi hai. Gratuity ek statutory benefit hai, jo ki us har employees ko diya jata hai, jo ki kisi company mein kam se kam five year tak kaam kar raha ho.
Yah ekmust rashi hoti hai, jo ki kisi employes ko uski total service duration ke adhar par diya jata hai. Yah gratuity employees ke termination, death aur retirement ke time liya jata hai.
Yadi kisi employee ki mrityu ho jaati hai, ho uski gratuity uski family ko di jati hai. 


India mein employees ke adhikar ? ( What are the basic right of employee in India?) India mein employees ke adhikar ? ( What are the basic right of employee in India?) Reviewed by Lawyer guruji on March 25, 2018 Rating: 5

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