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Bharat mein evidence ke roop mein electronic record ki admissibility (Admissibility of electronic record as evidence in India.)

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Hello Friend's
Aaj is post mein aap sabhi ko Indian Evidence Act,  ke bare mein batane ja rha hu ki kya Bharat mien evidence ke roop mein electronic record ko swikar kiya ja sakta hai ya nahi aaj isi ke bare mein aap sabhi ko batane ja rha hu.

Evidence kya hota hai ?
Indian Evidence Act ke section 3(1) ke anusar ve sabhi kathan (statement)  jinko court ke samne peash kiye jate hai jaise document, electronic record aise sabhi document evidence kahlate hai, jinke pesh karne se kisi aropi vyakti ko kanoon se sja dilwai ja sakti hai ya kisi nirdosh ko bachaya ja sakta hai.
Evidence jaise hatya ke mamale mein istemal kiya gya hatiyar (weapon), khoon se sane kapde, aropi ke finger print ya usse sambandhit koi evidence jo ki court mein pesh kiya jane wale ho aur court aise evidence ko pesh karne ki anumati deta hai.


  Bharat mein evidence ke roop mein electronic record ki admissibility  (Admissibility of electronic record as evidence in India.)

Electronic Evidence kya hota hai ?
Information & technology Act, 2000 dwara sansodhit 17-10-2000 se prabhavi Indian Evidence Act ke section 3(2) ke anusar court ki investigation ke liye pesh kiye gaye sabhi dastavej jinme electronic reocrd bhi shamil hai,ye document evidence kahlate hai.Information & technology Act, 2000 ke section 2(1) Certified officer, Electronic signature, Certificate of Electronic signature, Electronic format, Electronic record, Protective information electronic record, Digital signature, tatha signatory expression ka arth Indian Evidence Act,1872 mein ek saman hoga matlab in expression ka arth wahi hoga jo Infornation & Technology Act mein diya gya hai. 
Court mein electronic record ko evidence ke roop mein pesh kiya jaa sakta hai.

Rekha 

V/S 
Secretory,Public Department ,2008 Criminal law.
Is case mein supreme court dwara iwitnes ki pariksha ke liye video 
Confrence procedure ko manyta di gyi thi. 

Ek case mein Supreme Court ne kha ki kisi data ko surakshit rakhne mein ab purane tariko ki jagah pr kisi electronic evidence ko  swikar karne ke liye Indian law mein isay Evidence ke roop mein proof karne ke liye pravdhan jod diye gaye hai.

Janch aur Vichaaran mein electronic roop se evidence dene ke sambandh mein. ( Electronically evidence giving at the timd of investigation and trail)

1.Indian Penal Code ke section 273 ke antargat investigation aur trail ke time jb abhiyukt ka evidence liya jaata hai aur usko likha jata hai,to aise mein us vyakti ka samne hona jaruri hota hai, matlab yah hai ki abhiyukt ka evidence uski upasthiti (presence) mein liya jayega. Isi sambandh mein Supreme Court ne kha ki abhiyukt ka evidence video confrence ke madhyam se  liye jaane par Indian Penal Code, ke section 273 khai gayi “Upasthiti” (Presence) ka matlab vyakti ke physical presence se nahi lagaya ja sakta hai. Jab evidence Oral aur Written mein diya ja sakta hai, to video confrence ke madhyam se diye jane par jo ki ek electronic record hai, aise mein koi apatti nahi hai aur ye section 273 ke pravdhan ko bhi pura karti hai. 
 Video Conference ka madhyam kisi abhiyuk dwara ek bhari court mein diye gaye evidence se behtar hai.
Issay abhiyukt ke achran ke sath-sath isko play back karke bhi dekha ja sakta hai.  

2. Isi fact ka samarthan karte hye Kolkata ki court nein ek dusre case mein kha ki evidence dene  mein  video conferencing ka istemaal kiya jaa sakta hai, kyoki court mein iske liye physical presence ki jarurat nahi hai.  Kyoki Video Conference ek electronic record hai aur Indain Evidence ke section 65 aur 65(b) ke antargat iske swikarita ( admissibility) ke principle diye gaye hai, isiliye kisi sakshi ki pariksha video conferencing ke madhyam se lene aur dene mein koi legal problem nahi hai.

3. Kisi Child sexual offence ya Rape ke mamle mein Investigation aur trail ke time victim ki video conferencing ke madhyam se di jani wali gawahi ( Statement) mein wah abhiyuk ka face nahi dekh pati hai ya pata hai.Victim video conference ke madhyam se ek free environment mein gwahi ya evidence de sakta hai ya sakti hai. 

Isiliye Indian Penal Code ke section 273 ke antargat Video Conferencing ke madhyam se diya jane wala evidence ek legal bayan ( Statement ) hai.

Tape recorder se record kiya gya evidence ek electronic record hai, jo ki evidence ke roop ke swikar hai. 
Bharat mein evidence ke roop mein electronic record ki admissibility (Admissibility of electronic record as evidence in India.)   Bharat mein evidence ke roop mein electronic record ki admissibility  (Admissibility of electronic record as evidence in India.) Reviewed by Lawyer guruji on Saturday, March 03, 2018 Rating: 5

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