Aise Adhikar aur kanoon jinhe har bhartiya ko malum hona cahaiye.(Such rights and laws that every Indian should know.)

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 Aise Adhikar aur kanoon jinhe har bhartiya ko malum hona cahaiye.(Such rights and laws that every Indian should know.)


Motor vehicle Act 1988.
Motor vehicle Act 1988 ke Section 185 aur Section 202 me yah pravdhan hai ki yadi koi bhi vyakti  daru (Alcohol) pi kar driving karta hai aur checking ke time yadi uske  100ml blood mein Alcohol ka level 30mg se jada paya jata haia to police apko bina warrant ke giraftar kar sakti hai.

Motor vehicle Act 1988.
Motor vehicle Act 1988 ,ke Section 128 yah pravdhan karti hai ki two wheeler motor vehicle par kewal do vyakti hai baith sakte hai. Section 129 mein yah bataya gya hai ki two wheeler ke driving ke time helmet pehnna bahut jaruri hai.
Traffic police dwara motor vehicle ki chabhi  nikalna bilkul illegal hai, yadi aap chahe to us traffic constable ke khilaf kanooni karyavahi bhi kar sakte hai.

Criminal Procedure Code 1973.
Criminal Procedure Cod 1973 ke Section 46 me yah pravdhan hai ki Yadi koi mahila apradhi hai aur usko police giraftar karne jati hai to kis time giraftar kar sakti hai kis time nahi, Kisi mahila ko sham 6 baje ke bad aur Subah 6 baje se pahle us mahila ko giraftar nahi kar sakti.
kewal poilce mahila adhikari hi us mahila ko giraftar kar sakti hai jisne koi apradh kiya matlab yah hai ki mahila apradhi ki giraftari kewal mahila police dwara hi ki ja sakti hai.
Yadi mamla jada gambhir hai , to police ko pahle magistrate se anumati leni hogi vah bih likhit mein adesh prapt hone par ek police adhikari us mahila ko giraftar kar sakta hai.


Indian Penal Code 1860.
Indian Penal Code 1860, ke Section 166A mein yah pravdhan diya hai ki, Yadi koi bhi vyakti police station mein kisi bhi offence ki information dekar us offence ke khilaf First Information Report likhwane jata hai,aur waha ke police in-charge ke dwara us information ke adhar par report nahi likhi jati hai to aise mein aap us police in-charge ke khilaf likhit mein complaint S.P. office mein de sakte hai. Agar wah police wala doshi paya jata hai to aise mein usay 6 month se lekar 1 year tak ki jail ki sja ho sakti hai.
khaskar yadi wah cognizable offence ke mamle mein FIR likhne se mna karta hai.

Indian Penal Code 1860.
Indian Penal Code 1860, ke Section 498 mein yah pravdhan diya gya hai, yadi kisi bhi married vyakti dwara kisi bhi unmarried ladki ya divorcee mahila  ke sath uski marji se sexual relation banata hai to aise mein vah apradh ki category mein nahi ayega. \

Domestic violence Act,2005
Domestic Violence Act 2005, ke antargat yadi do vayask (major) ladka ya kadki apni marji se live in relationship mein rahta hai, to yah illegal nahi hoga. Yadi live in relation ke samay un dono me sexual intercourse hota hai aur usse hone wali santan(Child) bhi illegal nahi hogi aur santaan ( child) ko apne pita (father) ki property mein bhi pura adhikar milega.

Police Act 1861
Police Act 1861 mein police ki duty ke bare aur unke adhikaro ke bare mein bataya gya hai. Ek police officer hamesa duty pr hota hai. chahe usne uniform paheni ho ya nahi.Yadi koi vyakt police adhikari se shikayat karta hai to vah yah nahi kah sakta ki vah victim ki help nahi kar sakta kyi vah duty par nahi hai.

Maternity Benefit Act 1961
Maternity Benefit Act 1961, mein un mahila karmachari ke bare mein kha gya hai ki koi bhi company pregnant mahila ko job se nahi nikal sakti, aisa karne par doshi payi jani wali company ke khilaf kanooni karya vahi ki jayegi aur doshi paye jane par sja bhi di jayegi, jo ki adhiktam 3 saal ki jail ho sakti hai.

Income Tax Act 1961,
Income Tax Act 1961, income violation ke mamle mein bataya gya hai ki, Yadi kisi vyakti dwara Income tax ke kanoon ka  ullamghan kiya jata hai,To aise mein Income Tax Recovery officer ko yah pura adhikar hai vah apko giraftar kar sakta hai, parantu giraftar karne se pahle usay apko notice bhejna hoga. Kewal Tax Comissioner yah decide karta sakta hai ki apko hirasat (custody) mein kitne time tak rhna hai.

The Hindu Marriage Act 1955.
Hindu Marriage Act 1955, ke Section 13 mein divorce ke ground bataye gaye hai. jin adharo par pati ya patni apas mein ek dusre se talaq le sakte hai. Talaq lene ke liye un dono me se pati ya patni dwara court mein talaq ke liye arji di ja sakti hai.
Aur un adharo ko batana hoga jis adhar par vah ek dusre se talaq chahete hai.
  1. Adultery vivah ke bad kisi anya stri ya purush se sexual relation banana.
  2. Mentally aur Physically dono roop se bimar hona.
  3. Pati ya Patni mein se kisi ka ghar chodh kar bhag jana aur 7 saal tak uska koi ata-pta na hona.
  4. Domestic violence hone ki condition mein bhi talaq liya ja sakta hai.
  5. Impotent hone kar pati ya patni dwara talaq ke liye court mein arji di ja sakti hai.





Aise Adhikar aur kanoon jinhe har bhartiya ko malum hona cahaiye.(Such rights and laws that every Indian should know.)  Aise Adhikar aur kanoon jinhe har bhartiya ko malum hona cahaiye.(Such rights and laws that every Indian should know.) Reviewed by Lawyer guru ji on Wednesday, January 10, 2018 Rating: 5

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